Location and Size
Kenya is located on the East coast of Africa. It lies on the equator and is bordered on the north by Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia; Uganda and Lake Victoria lie to the west; Tanzania and Mount Kilimanjaro are to the south while the Indian Ocean lies to the east. It’s 582,646 sq km2 and is the world’s 47th largest country.
Kenya enjoys a tropical climate experiencing moderate temperatures averaging about 220C throughout the year. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and dries at the north and northeast parts of the country.
There are two seasons: short rains (October to December) and long rains (March to June). Its hottest period is from January to March
Kenya has diverse physical features, which are divided into: low lying arid and semi-arid lands, coastal belt, plateau, highlands and the lake basin around Lake Victoria. The country is bisected by the Great Rift Valley which extends for 8,700 km. on the surface of the earth from the Dead Sea in Jordan to Beira in Mozambique. Kenya has the second highest snow capped mountain (Mt. Kenya) in Africa rising to a height of 5,199 meters, after Mt. Kilimanjaro.
Kenya has an estimated population of 40 million people with approximately six million people living in the urban areas. Kenya has a diverse population comprising of 42 ethnic groups.
Cities and Major Towns
Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya and is the financial and services hub of East Africa. The Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) which is the largest and busiest airport in East and Central Africa is in Nairobi. It serves as a transit hub for major airlines as well as the gateway for visitors to Africa’s treasured game parks, cultural heritage, scenic landscapes and business opportunities. The airport also serves as a major cargo center for both inbound and outbound goods. The other cities are Mombasa, the main port on the Indian Ocean and Kisumu City on Lake Victoria. Other major Towns are Nakuru, Eldoret, Thika.